Under the direction of François Mabille, General Secretary of the International Federation of Catholic Universities and founding member of GMAP, publication of “COVID-19: Towards the International Risk Society”. Valérie Fert, president of GMAP, and Marc Finaud, founding member, are two of the authors of this book.

With Covid-19, the world experienced an unprecedented crisis in 2020: the human impact, the restriction of freedoms, starting with the restriction of freedom of movement, economic shocks and their social consequences, are among the most striking facts. It should be added that rarely have States measured their degree of interdependence and therefore their weakness to such an extent. Societies have thus been confronted with their vulnerability: our understanding of security and peace should therefore be profoundly revised. The first part of the paper introduces the analysis of the health crisis in the light of past crises and the possibilities offered by early warning; then it is international relations and the loss-gain game observed at the level of states that are investigated, the crisis being seen here as a structure of opportunity. Finally, the third part sheds new light on several fields: the religious field, the academic field and the military world. The notion of risk is central.