Pierre Papon

Pierre Papon is a physicist, Professor Emeritus at the Industrial Physics and Chemistry Higher Educational Institution, former director general of the CNRS (National Centre for Scientific Research), former CEO of IFREMER (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea), chairman of the Observatoire des Sciences et Techniques (Sciences and Technologies Monitoring Centre), chairman of the FMSH (Fondation de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme), member of the board of administrators and scientific board of the Res Publica Foundation, and curator of the permanent exhibition on Energy at the Cité des Sciences (Paris). Pierre Papon authored many books, in particular about energy and the geopolitics of the oceans. Regarding energy, his reflections are based on the fact that our energy choice implies a societal choice.